Hyperpigmentation, or brown spots, on your face is a common complaint. Excess deposits of melanin in the skin cause it. The blemishes can be as small as a freckle or larger than a half dollar. First try home remedies, but getting rid of large areas permanently requires a dermatologist, who may refer you to a plastic surgeon.
Assess yourself. Freckles are cute if you think they are. Are your spots too big or dark? If so, first try a less expensive approach to spot removal.
Try a mixture of oat flour and fresh-squeezed lemon juice. Mix into a paste and apply directly to the pigmentation. Leave on for a half-hour and repeat twice daily for two weeks until the spots are sufficiently faded.
Another home remedy is to steam your face and then apply a paste of baking soda and ground chamomile flowers. Wear it overnight and rinse off in the morning. This may take several applications.
Dermabrasion can sand away the top two layers of skin and give a more healthy appearance. There are home kits for this; after the skin has been sanded, apply lemon juice for bleaching.
If brown spots still remain or are not sufficiently bleached, buy a 4 percent hydroquinone cream over the counter at the pharmacy. It is a bleaching agent and will fade the skin.
If you cannot get good results, go to the dermatologist. He may prescribe treatments like Retin-A, an exfoliate that prohibits new melanin from being produced. If this does not work, he will send you to a plastic surgeon who can use laser techniques to remove brown spots.
Tips & Warnings
Use a sunscreen every day to prevent brown spots. Use a makeup that also has sunscreen in it. Makeup concealers are helpful in masking pigmentation.
Hydroquinone should never be applied to skin that is sunburned, chapped or irritated. It will thin the skin, causing more permanent scarring to cuts or abrasions.